Deploy C2D

This chapter will present how to deploy the C2D component of the Ocean stack. As mentioned in the C2D Architecture chapter, the Compute-to-Data component uses Kubernetes to orchestrate the creation and deletion of the pods in which the C2D jobs are run.
For the ones that do not have a Kubernetes environment available, we added to this guide instructions on how to install Minikube, which is a lightweight Kubernetes implementation that creates a VM on your local machine and deploys a simple cluster containing only one node. In case you have a Kubernetes environment in place, please skip directly to step 4 of this guide.


  • Communications: a functioning internet-accessible provider service
  • Hardware: a server capable of running compute jobs (e.g. we used a machine with 8 CPUs, 16 GB Ram, 100GB SSD, and a fast internet connection). See this guide for how to create a server;
  • Operating system: Ubuntu 22.04 LTS


Install Docker and Git

sudo apt update
sudo apt install git
sudo usermod -aG docker $USER && newgrp docker

Install Minikube

wget -q --show-progress
sudo dpkg -i minikube_1.22.0-0_amd64.deb

Start Minikube

The first command is important and solves a PersistentVolumeClaims problem.
minikube config set kubernetes-version v1.16.0
minikube start --cni=calico --driver=docker --container-runtime=docker
Depending on the number of available CPUs, RAM, and the required resources for running the job, consider adding options --cpu, --memory, and --disk-size to avoid runtime issues.
For other options to run minikube refer to this link

Install the Kubernetes command line tool (kubectl)

curl -LO "$(curl -L -s"
curl -LO "$(curl -L -s"
echo "$(<kubectl.sha256) kubectl" | sha256sum --check
sudo install -o root -g root -m 0755 kubectl /usr/local/bin/kubectl
Wait until all the defaults are running (1/1).
watch kubectl get pods --all-namespaces

Run the IPFS host (optional)

To store the results and the logs of the C2D jobs, you can use either an AWS S3 bucket or IPFS.
In case you want to use IPFS you need to run an IPFS host, as presented below.
export ipfs_staging=~/ipfs_staging
export ipfs_data=~/ipfs_data
docker run -d --name ipfs_host -v $ipfs_staging:/export -v $ipfs_data:/data/ipfs -p 4001:4001 -p 4001:4001/udp -p -p ipfs/go-ipfs:latest
sudo /bin/sh -c 'echo " youripfsserver" >> /etc/hosts'

Update the storage class

The storage class is used by Kubernetes to create the temporary volumes on which the data used by the algorithm will be stored.
Please ensure that your class allocates volumes in the same region and zone where you are running your pods.
You need to consider the storage class available for your environment.
For Minikube, you can use the default 'standard' class.
In AWS, we created our own 'standard' class:
kubectl get storageclass standard -o yaml
- matchLabelExpressions:
- key:
- us-east-1a
kind: StorageClass
fsType: ext4
type: gp2
reclaimPolicy: Delete
volumeBindingMode: Immediate
For more information, please visit

Download and Configure Operator Service

Open a new terminal and run the command below.
git clone
Edit operator-service/kubernetes/postgres-configmap.yaml. Change POSTGRES_PASSWORD to a nice long random password.
Edit operator-service/kubernetes/deployment.yaml. Optionally change:
  • add requests_cpu
  • add requests_memory
  • add limits_cpu
  • add limits_memory
- env:
- name: requests_cpu
value: "4"
- name: requests_memory
value: "8Gi"
- name: limits_cpu
value: "8"
- name: limits_memory
value: "15Gi"
value: "3600"

Download and Configure Operator Engine

git clone
Check the README section of the operator engine to customize your deployment.
At a minimum, you should add your IPFS URLs or AWS settings, and add (or remove) notification URLs.

Create namespaces

kubectl create ns ocean-operator
kubectl create ns ocean-compute

Deploy Operator Service

kubectl config set-context --current --namespace ocean-operator
kubectl create -f operator-service/kubernetes/postgres-configmap.yaml
kubectl create -f operator-service/kubernetes/postgres-storage.yaml
kubectl create -f operator-service/kubernetes/postgres-deployment.yaml
kubectl create -f operator-service/kubernetes/postgresql-service.yaml
kubectl apply -f operator-service/kubernetes/deployment.yaml

Deploy Operator Engine

kubectl config set-context --current --namespace ocean-compute
kubectl apply -f operator-engine/kubernetes/sa.yml
kubectl apply -f operator-engine/kubernetes/binding.yml
kubectl apply -f operator-engine/kubernetes/operator.yml
kubectl create -f operator-service/kubernetes/postgres-configmap.yaml
Optional: For production enviroments, it's safer to block access to metadata. To do so run the below command:
kubectl -n ocean-compute apply -f /ocean/operator-engine/kubernetes/egress.yaml

Expose Operator Service

kubectl expose deployment operator-api --namespace=ocean-operator --port=8050
Run a port forward or create your ingress service and setup DNS and certificates (not covered here):
kubectl -n ocean-operator port-forward svc/operator-api 8050
Alternatively you could use another method to communicate between the C2D Environment and the provider, such as an SSH tunnel.

Initialize database

If your Minikube is running on
curl -X POST "" -H "accept: application/json"

Update Provider

Update your provider service by updating the operator_service.url value in config.ini
operator_service.url =
Restart your provider service.
Last modified 7mo ago